Author Archives: Rob Tavaglione

Dirac Live Room Calibration/Correction – A Real-World Review

Dirac Live
The Dirac Live software guides users through the steps of the measurement process.

Purpose-built rooms with ideal acoustic treatments may not need room correction software, but the rest of us do. With chart-topping artists producing hits in re-purposed bedrooms, basements, garages and hotel rooms, the need for acoustic analysis and correction is greater than ever.

I reviewed Sonarworks’ Reference 4 software for PSN back in 2018, so I was eager to compare this new calibration/correction system from Dirac, as it promises to bring some different methodologies, concepts and results.

Dirac Live seeks to correct room anomalies and inaccuracies in both the time domain and the frequency domain to improve the soundstage with greater imaging and localization of sound, increased clarity and intelligibility, as well as tighter bass response with fewer resonances. This is accomplished with a combination of linear- and minimum-phase IIR filters, as well as impulse response correction (affecting the timing of signals and the ratio of direct to reflected sound).

 

Out of the Box

Dirac Live is available in the ‘big four’ formats (VST, VST3, AAX and AU) for both Mac and Windows (OSX 10.11 and up, Windows 10, respectively). A measurement microphone is needed for calibration; I used a USB reference mic as provided by Dirac, but other models are suitable (at least models that a frequency response plot is available for). Dirac Live is compatible with all the major DAWs and supports nearly every multichannel format under the sun (2.0, 2.1, 3,1, 4.1, 5.0, 5.1, 5.0.2, 5.1.2, 6.0, 6.1, 7.0, 7.1, 7.0.2, 7.1.2, Quadraphonic, Pentagonal, Hexagonal, Octagonal and Ambisonic). The stereo version sells for $349, while the multi-channel version is $499. I tested Dirac Live in stereo, as Audio Units on a Mac Pro.

There are two components to utilizing Dirac Live—the Dirac Live processor plug-in that will be inserted within a DAW session, and the calibration tool program that will read your room’s response, create a custom filter(s) and communicate with the plug-in. After instantiating the plug-in, you open the calibration program which scans for a “device” that will ultimately store your filters and do the audio processing. Dirac also makes a hardware version for home hi-fi enthusiasts, but this pro version sees the plug-in as its “device.”

The measurement process is lengthy and very specific, but not difficult, just like all the other correction systems I’ve tried. The process involves setting system volume for the playback of frequency sweeps, measuring those sweeps from nine different positions surrounding your listening position and then fine tuning the correction filter that Dirac Live suggests. The whole process took only about 10 minutes and is rather interesting, as you can hear changes in room response as the full-bandwidth sweeps excite your room, creating some resonances and some dips, and it’s fun to correlate graphs of the measurement on screen.

Dirac Live’s Filter Design Page

Next, you’ll “proceed to filter design,” and this is where the really interesting part is. Dirac Live has automatically generated a response curve, but you can customize that curve by grabbing control nodes, moving them to desired frequencies and then boosting or cutting. You can also choose to move the “curtains”—the dotted vertical lines placed very low and very high on the frequency graph, which represent the lower and upper frequency limits of Dirac Live processing (it is not wise to try to achieve perfectly flat response all the way down to 20 Hz, or all the way up to 20 k; that would eat up a lot of headroom).

Furthermore, custom target curves can be loaded in .txt or .targetcurve formats and then “snapshots” can be taken of the current condition, modified and then easily compared to other stored snapshots without having to close the current project—nice for ultra-fine tuning of curves. For those of you who (like me) want to know exact frequency values of your room’s trouble spots, you can zoom into your response curve with your mouse scroll wheel and pan across the frequency spectrum with <hold+drag>.

Now that you’ve created (and possibly modified) your target curve, upon going back to your DAW session, the Dirac Live plug-in is now loaded with your correction curve. You’ll notice the output level of the plug-in may be attenuated; this is in order to give Dirac Live some headroom to apply processing (the amount of attenuation is about equal to the sum of your target curve’s positive and negative deviation). You can now turn the processing on and off as well as switch between different target curves you’ve stored without any jumps in level.

An impulse response page in Dirac Live
An impulse response page in Dirac Live

In Session

For in-the-box mixing and mastering work, an instance of Dirac Live inserted on the master fader informs your decisions and then must be bypassed during bounce/render, or else the Dirac Live processing would be applied to your mix. Wisely, Dirac Live can be automatically bypassed when bouncing/rendering with a simple preferences setting. For analog mixing, I inserted the plug-in on my stereo mix track, where I would monitor the processing but it would not be recorded into my mix file.

Even though it’s a little jarring to suddenly hear your system responding differently, I began mixing with Dirac Live and got slightly improved results on my first attempt. My room is in pretty good shape except for some low ceiling-induced bass issues (with adjacent dips and bumps) and a bit of low-mid mud. Dirac Live cleared up that mud and did quite a bit for that bass response, inducing me to fine tune my kick drum, boost that bass guitar and get my lead vocal right in the pocket. Frankly, it’s hard to describe the improvements I heard, as they were slightly different than what my system corrected with Sonarworks; not relegated to just frequency response, it sounded like phase accuracy had improved and imaging was more exacting, perhaps due to the impulse response correction, as well as precision filtering.

How To Choose Your Next Studio Microphone – The Complete Guide

One drawback to using Dirac Live was the inevitable switch to other monitors or headphones for reference. When using frequency challenged full-range monitors (Avantone Mixcubes), I had to bypass the Dirac Live processing, same as with headphones. I do wish that it offered correction for cans like Sonarworks does, which is as effective (if not more) as its correction for rooms/monitors.

 

The Final Mix

Even though it adds a little complication to mixing and mastering, Dirac Live can definitely improve monitoring accuracy to the point where it is worth the extra effort. At a cost of $349, the price is significant but not prohibitive, especially considering just how much knowledge can be gleaned from the measurement process. Furthermore, that knowledge can be very useful for the fine tuning of your room via furniture, bass traps, absorbers and diffusers that can help make Dirac Live’s job much easier.

If you work entirely in-the-box (and maybe even in a small boxy room), then software-based room correction is a no-brainer that should be utilized. If you do a lot of ensemble tracking or analog mixing like I do, then you may find the inevitable switching from unassisted monitoring to corrected monitoring to be a little jarring and maybe even disturbing to your “acclimation.” How I wish there was a freestanding hardware-based calibration/correction device that could be placed in-line before my main monitors so I could easily hear everything with proper correction, maybe even with headphone amps with their own specific correction.

Until that time comes, I still recommend Dirac Live for the wealth of knowledge it teaches you about your room, the tremendous flexibility it offers and what appears to be the best-sounding room correction algorithm on the market today.

Dirac Live • www.dirac.com

Original Resource is ProSoundNetwork.com

How To Choose Your Next Studio Microphone – The Complete Guide

Your next studio microphone
Rob Tavaglione
Rob Tavaglione

So you’ve purchased your first audio interface, got some recording software, splurged on a pair of pro headphones (hopefully some near field monitors, too) and you’re driving your first DAW (digital audio workstation). You’re finding that good results are pretty easy to get, that this is seriously fun stuff and are wondering where to go next with this whole audio production thing. Allow me to suggest one thing: Get some microphones.

It’s easy advice to give, as mics are the window to worlds of audio understanding, enabling the most impactful ability and choice in audio production, using mic technique and selection to capture sound of all varieties in the most accurate, or at least the most useful, way possible.

Every studio microphone is the “ears” of your audio recording kit and no single model will ever do, no matter how perfect or expensive it is. As you’ll soon see, audio capture isn’t so much about mics that pickup sound waves perfectly; rather, it’s about microphones that pickup sound waves in a manner that your ears “want” to hear and about the microphone technique required to create euphony—the ability to recreate sounds better than how they are heard in real life, in ways that will delight and astound listeners of all varieties.

The cold, hard—but exciting—truth is, you’ll need at least five different kinds of studio microphone to be able to utilize proper mic techniques, have flexibility and be able to pursue artistic choices in your endeavors.

Let’s dive into the different mic categories and look at what applications and techniques are typical, what classic microphones we would have used in the past and what modern-day mic options may offer a twist on such time-proven and tested formulas.

Here’s the studio microphone categories we’ll explore (click the links to jump ahead): Dynamic MicsLarge Diaphragm Condenser MicsSmall Diaphragm Condenser MicsRibbon MicsLow Frequency Enhanced Dynamic Mics

Dynamic Mics

Shure SM57.

For many fledgling engineers, their first studio microphone is a dynamic mic, as much for the low cost as anything else. Totally adequate dynamics start out in the “less than $100” range; they’re simple to use, rugged, consistent and aren’t that sensitive to loud sounds, so it’s hard to “blow them up” and force them to distort. Many people start out with a dynamic handheld mic—the one with a long handle and a ball-shaped windscreen/pop-filter that helps to reduce those dreaded popping “P” plosives that blow-out PA systems, distort speakers—and which are the delight of hip-hop beatboxers everywhere.

Sennheiser MD421-II
Sennheiser MD421-II.

Another nice thing about dynamic mics is their taming of sibilance, or the “S” sounds that are part of S’s and C’s. They’re important sounds that have to be heard in order for you to understand speech, but for certain people (and certain instruments), these sounds can get unruly and downright nasty when picked up by a mic. Dynamic mics typically have an appropriate amount of sibilance; in fact, they are often considered a little dark and need a slight treble boost to perform ideally with intelligibility, detail and clarity.

Your typical dynamic mic has a cardioid or hyper-cardioid pickup pattern—that is, the mic is sensitive directly in front of it, not very sensitive on the sides at all and rejects sound coming from the rear rather well (a hyper-cardioid pattern is like a cardioid, but even narrower on the sides, with a just a touch of unwanted sensitivity at the rear, oddly enough). You’ll sometimes see dynamics with an omnidirectional pattern (sensitive equally in all directions), but these aren’t very common, even if they are occasionally useful.

How To Use Them

Heil Sound PR40.

Technique-wise, dynamics are quite good at the modern technique of miking a source from a very short distance and getting a touch of proximity effect (or bass boost)—“close miking” as it’s obviously called. This technique rejects room sound by bombarding the mic with up-close volume, so that it sounds very “in your face”—even more aggressive than the reality of listening from a close distance—and conveys lots of power with thickness from bass and low-mids. Dynamics can easily handle the high volumes of such placement, convey those low frequencies with power and substance, and reject unwanted off-axis sound pretty well, too (sounds like cymbals, guitar amps and degrading sound reflections off of the walls).

Electro-Voice RE320.

Dynamics excel on any job with excessive volume like drum kits, percussion, guitar amps, sound effects, horns and loud vocals. Their ruggedness allows them to perform even in temperature, humidity and vibration extremes, so they’re great for difficult tasks like news gathering, harsh environments and “zero-failure tolerance” gigs like press conferences.

Using a dynamic mic is easy; just aim it at your sound source, get in close if you want some extra punch and proximity effect, or back off if you want some “air” and room sound. You likely won’t have to worry about mic overload, so turn up your preamp’s gain, and EQ/compress to taste in the mix. Look to filter out low-end if you got in too close with proximity effect, dip out some boxy midrange around 300 – 400 Hz and possibly brighten up the top-end around 8 kHz if more detail is needed.

The Classic and Current Models

The classic mics here—the proverbial dynamic duo—are arguably the most popular mics of all-time: the Shure SM57 and SM58. They’re nearly identical in their performance, sounding only slightly different due to their different windscreens—the ball-ended SM58 is ideal for vocals, while the ultra-rugged, narrow-tipped SM57 is perfect for instruments. They’re mostly known for rugged success on-stage, but 57s see lots of studio work, too, especially with snare drums and guitar amps.

The Electro-Voice RE-20 is the essential mic that radio DJs have relied on for decades, and it has now become an essential mic for podcasters for all the same voice-massaging features. The updated RE320 brings a hotter output and optional mid-sculpting.

Perhaps the most desirable dynamic ever for instrument recording is Sennheiser’s MD421-U. These wedge-shaped, Sixties mod-looking mics (and their modern MD421-II counterparts) have brought thickness and warmth to countless trumpet, horn, guitar amp, bass amp and tom tom recordings.

Aston Stealth.

Today, the dynamic mic scene is dominated by the ubiquitous Shure SM7B. What was once a mic for DJs and announcers has become the “mic du jour” for indie crooners, popsters, singer/songwriters and metal screamers, too. For blistering loud screamers and yellers, the SM7B smooths out shrillness and the built-in variable high-pass filters (HPFs) allow careful filtering out of unwanted chestiness.

Heil Sound’s PR40 (with a big 1” diaphragm and wide frequency response) and its handheld PR35 are both top studio performers that hold their own onstage, too. Also, British newcomer Aston brings a clever new wrinkle to choices in dynamics—its ultra-versatile Stealth offers not only four different tonal voicings but also the boost of active circuitry (with increased sensitivity and output) when 48 V phantom power is applied.

 

Large Diaphragm Condenser Mics

Neumann U87.

Your first mic might have been a large diaphragm condenser mic instead of a dynamic and they can be a much better choice for voice work, whether singing, talking or rapping. Compared to a dynamic mic, a large diaphragm condenser (LDC) offers a much more defined sound—one laden with more treble and detail, with hotter output from the mic requiring less gain at the preamp. It also has circuitry that requires external power, such as the 48-volt phantom power that is provided by the mic preamps in your interface.

AKG C414 XLS

In addition to their identifiable sonic properties, many LDCs are also larger and often side-address (they’re sensitive to sound on one side of the windscreen, not directly in front like a handheld) with multiple variables to sculpt the sound.

LDCs have a somewhat larger diaphragm than dynamics (and a capsule to house it and the backplate), and multi-pattern LDCs have two diaphragms and can therefore combine their outputs in various ways, creating useful polar patterns like directional cardioid, figure-8 dual-cardioid, omnidirectional and sometimes even hyper (or super) cardioid.

LDCs with multiple polar patterns, pads, filters and more are “fully featured”—you’ve got to own at least one of these versatile performers or you’re going to miss out on a lot of great possibilities.

How To Use Them

Audio-Technica AT2050
Audio-Technica AT2050.

You can use LDCs for close miking, but be forewarned—the output will be excessively loud. You’ll need either a mic preamp with a pad to decrease sensitivity (often -20 dB) or a LDC with a built-in pad (sometimes -10 dB, sometimes -20 dB, sometimes both). Also, be warned that off-axis sound from other sources are picked up quite a bit by LDCs—more than with dynamics—and the sound is not pleasant; it’s often brittle and harsh.

But LDCs handle room, area and distance miking much better than dynamics do, picking up incredible detail, ample low-end and crisply defined high-end. Many people say that a pair of properly spaced LDCs in a stereo technique closely approximates human hearing and “being there.”

Lewitt LCT 940
Lewitt LCT 940.

A pair of LDCs can be used to achieve a number of stereo techniques that can present a very wide, deep and interesting sound field; exactly which one to use for any given task is the stuff of artistry. You can go with X/Y for a strong center image and great mono compatibility; ORTF for more width and excitement but less mono accuracy; a spaced pair for extreme width with less center and less power; or M-S (Mid-Side) for a raw capture of center and side information that requires some complicated post-production manipulation after the fact but yields great imaging and superior flexibility.

LDCs are going to excel wherever detail and sensitivity are more important than volume handling or power—for instance, acoustic instruments of all shapes and sizes, vocals of all types, pianos, rooms and ambiences, and anywhere where the priority is a capture of full frequency response and a big life-like sound.

Roswell Colares
Roswell Colares.

Usage can be complicated, but offers great flexibility if you employ the typical wealth of features. Use the pad if loud sources are causing distortion, even if only on occasional loud peaks. To tame muddiness, try the high-pass filter (HPF – only highs will pass, filtering out lows) and experiment with close-positioned proximity effect, with or without the HPF. Most importantly, experiment with polar patterns, as you’ll be delighted to find the sheer number of tonal options provided by omni, figure-8 and hyper-cardioid patterns.

The Classic and Current Models

Austrian Audio OC818
Austrian Audio OC818.

There are two classics that have defined excellence in LDCs through the decades: the Neumann U87 and the AKG C414, both in numerous, slightly different iterations. The U87 is truly utilitarian, with three polar patterns, a pad and a HPF making it capable of most any instrument or voice job, even if it has become most iconic for vocal work. The 414 is even more versatile, with more patterns, pads and filters making it legendary as a sort of a Swiss Army knife of audio capture.

Many modern LDCs have taken all the things we love about their predecessors and added forward-thinking versatility. The Roswell Colares is a favorite for vocals with built-in saturation (mild- and warm-sounding distortion) that is more useful across a berth of styles than you’d ever imagine, and it’s defeatable too.

Townsend Labs Sphere.
Townsend Labs Sphere.

Austrian Audio’s OC818 has taken the capsule and concept of the C414 and added futuristic enhancements, like polar pattern, pad and HPF control from an app on your phone, as well as recording the output of each diaphragm separately and then selecting polar patterns in post-production. Lewitt offers its multi-pattern LCT 940, which has both tube and FET amplifiers within, as well as the ability to blend them in any proportion for fine-tuned versatility.

Fear not if you’re on a budget—there are numerous entry-level LDCs that perform adequately and affordably: Audio-Technica’s AT2050, Behringer’s C3 and Rode’s NT2-A are all more than capable for very little cost.

Alternately, a modern modeling mic (which uses software to emulate numerous classic LDCs) may be an ideal choice for your first LDC, especially if you’re still searching for that perfect match for your voice or tonal preferences. A modeled studio microphone can sound great, with believably authentic tones and they’re only getting better as advances in their software and preamp modeling further close the gap between the “real deal” and digitally imitated signal paths. The Slate Digital VMS and Townsend Labs Sphere L22 are good examples here, even if you might want to purchase the actual hardware after the models stimulate your tastes.

 

Small Diaphragm Condenser Mics

DPA 4006 family
DPA 4006 family.

Having just a large diaphragm condenser mic isn’t going to be enough versatility for your kit—not with a world of small diaphragm condensers ready to spice things up. Like a painter with numerous brushes, you’ll find the “stroke” of a SDC has a unique focus, clarity and punch that LDCs (or dynamic mics, for that matter) just cannot provide. Though detailed like a LDC, SDCs are even more exacting than many LDCs, and when used in pairs, provide some of the most accurate reproduction possible. Sure, SDCs can be a little self-noisier than LDCs, but their transient capture (that sharp leading-edge of a sound) is oh so accurate and lifelike, and their off-axis pickup is typically smoother than LDCs, too.

How To Use Them

Schoeps Colette
Schoeps Colette studio microphone

Use this kind of studio microphone for acoustic instruments, drum overheads, orchestras, choirs, pianos, percussion arrays, natural ambiences…. The list of superb SDC apps goes on and on. Used up-close, the sound can be kind of rude or even overload the mic, but SDCs excel when pulled-back a bit at moderate and long distances. They’re generally really good at stereo techniques, too, and are often easier to position than a pair of bulky LDCs. Using SDCs is a lot like LDCs, except pads, filters and patterns aren’t typically offered (if your SDCs do actually have them, use them by all means).

SDCs often come with foam windscreens which are useful for not only outdoor applications and preventing plosives, but also for taming bright, high-end response in what can sometimes be rather thin, bright mics. Most of all, experiment using stereo patterns with your SDCs, where the realism and air greatly benefit drum overheads, pianos, vocal groups, acoustic guitars, strings and much of anything with width and dimension to it.

The Classic and Current Models

Lauten Audio LA120
Lauten Audio LA120.

The classics in this studio microphone category are once again built by the Germans and Austrians. Neumann’s KM84 and subsequent KM184 are wonderfully focused and euphonic, with a high-end that is sparkling, crisp and to die for, while AKG’s C451 (cardioid, but often fitted with interchangeable omni or hyper-cardioid pattern capsules) is a utilitarian’s dream, with a life-like midrange reproduction and surprisingly impressive low-end. Shure’s SM81 is also a classic SDC favorite, especially for drum overheads.

Worthy of mention is a category of SDCs known for their stark accuracy, reference consistency, availability in omni configurations and high price—Elite SDCs if you will. DPA 4006s, Schoeps Colette series, Earthworks’ super time-coherent models and Bruel & Kajers’ (B&K) measurement microphones are standouts in this apex group, which you’ll find recording orchestras, jazz and in the hands of picky uber-producers.

Vanguard Audio Labs V1S stereo kit
Vanguard Audio Labs V1S stereo kit.

Modern variants are plentiful at all price points and in my many years as an educator, I must say I’ve tried literally dozens of brands/models of SDC pairs and found them all to be adequate, if not exactly stellar. You’ll get less sizzly high-end and nastiness, and more smooth treble with less ear fatigue as you move up the price scale. I’m fond of the Vanguard Audio Labs V1S stereo kit with its interchangeable cardioid / hyper-cardioid / soft-cardioid / omni capsules (wide-cardioid is perfect for when you want to hear a little more of the room).

Today, there are pairs of SDCs with amazing price-to-performance ratios, notably Lauten Audio’s LA120 (with high- and low-pass filters) and Audio-Technica’s AT4041, which will outperform the lowest price models with a smoother high-end response and less self-noise.

Ribbon Mics

Beyerdynamic M 160
Beyerdynamic M160.

Now let’s do a 180 degree swing: What about those times when you want less precision and less excruciating detail? What about when things sound way too harsh for a dynamic mic, much less a condenser mic or two? The answer, of course, is the slow-moving, dull-sounding, bottom end-creating warmth of a ribbon mic. Whether a short or a long ribbon, most ribbon mics are figure-8 in their polar pattern, lean naturally towards accentuating low-mids, slightly dull their transients and smooth out their peaks, rejecting sound in the nulls of their “8” to an amazing degree while accepting EQ (especially of the high-end boosting variety) surprisingly well.

How To Use Them

sE Electronics RNR1
sE Electronics RNR1.

Ribbons are quite sensitive, so you’d best not drop the mic, or blow into the ribbon or expose the mic to excessive SPL (sound pressure level), so close-miking isn’t possible on many drums or loud sources. That figure-8 pattern is often viewed as a liability, but I tend to disagree; it’s a useful feature. A ribbon mic for room ambience is great, as it picks up the source directly and the reflections coming in from the rear; just carefully position the mic’s distance from the source to get an ideal room balance, maybe even room reverb in larger spaces. Try placing the nearest sound source that you’re trying to reject with your ribbon mic right smack in the 90 degree (or 270 degree) off-axis position, and the polluting sound will seem to disappear from your ribbon’s track, especially if you can get your ribbon in fairly close to the sound you do want to pick up.

AEA R84
AEA R84.

Don’t forget to try a ribbon where a smooth and silky top-end is needed. Try close miking a vocal for intimate detail and first carefully tune a HPF to filter-out just enough unwanted rumble without losing fullness. Find the spot where the mic is resonating in the mids (likely around 400 to 500 Hz) and notch out a few dB, put a high-frequency shelf at about 8 kHz and start boosting it until the vocal is sweetly detailed and crisp without sounding lispy, irritating or unnatural (you might have to boost a lot, maybe even a whopping +12 dB; just don’t add too much noise in the process).

The Classic and Current Models

Coles 4038
Coles 4038

Classic ribbons are still used today despite their fragility, ancient design and expensive cost; they simply sound gorgeous, huge and lush (words truly cannot describe). RCA 44s and 77s from the post-WWII era are the holy grail of ribbon mics, but slightly newer Coles 4038s (a long-standing favorite of the BBC and anglophile recordists) and Beyerdynamic M160s (that iconic drum intro to “When the Levee Breaks” by John Bonham of Led Zeppelin? Yep that’s the sound of 160s) carry the classic tone in to the modern era.

Royer R121
Royer R121.

Today, we’ve got ribbon mics that are sturdier, handle more SPL and have more high-end response (at least on some models), like Royer’s guitar-cabinet favored R121. AEA—maker of vintage throwbacks and post-modern designs, too—offers up passive or active-electronics R84, and there’s also the sE Electronics RNR1 Rupert Neve-designed ribbon, which is perfection on guitar cabinets and vocals, surprisingly enough, with sweet high-end response.

MXL R144
MXL R144.

Even on a budget, there’s worthy choices out there in this category of studio microphone, like the sE Electronics X1R, a solid performer. A favorite among my students is the MXL R144, which is voiced with prominent mids so it sounds warm yet defined on drum room and electric guitars. Cascade makes a line of ribbon variations at great prices, allowing a little experimentation if you get sucked down the whole ribbon mic rabbit-hole as so many people (rightfully) do.

Low Frequency Enhanced Dynamic Mics

Then there’s “bass mics” or “kick mics” or “large diaphragm dynamic mics” as they’re often mistakenly called (It’s not so much that they have bigger diaphragms as they do bigger bodies with resonant chambers and features to enhance low-frequency reproduction). They aren’t exactly versatile, but when low-frequencies are what you need, low-frequencies are what you get. These mics are dynamic and are always amply windscreen-protected so they can handle the brutal SPL of a kick drum no problem. In fact, foley and effects recordists will often use these mics to record jet take-offs, guns, explosions and engines without distortion.

How To Use Them

AKG D12 VR.
AKG D12 VR.

You’ll find uses for this category of studio microphone on kick drums, floor toms, bass guitar amps, tubas and anything that needs more “boom and butt” than “bite and crispness.” I’ve also put them under pianos to add some thickness, on baritone guitar amps and behind cajons (when paired with a condenser to grab the highs). Listen in solo if you dare, but don’t be surprised if the sound seems oddly unbalanced; check your track again without solo (or PFL) and note how your track actually blends into the mix naturally. Furthermore, getting the bottom-end just right usually takes some EQ and compression to notch out resonant frequencies of excessive bass response, careful EQ boosts to make up for any hollow holes in the response and the application of some compression to help smooth out, congeal and increase consistency.

The Classic and Current Models

Avantone Pro Kick
Avantone Pro Kick.

Back in the day, AKG absolutely owned this category of studio microphone, starting with the D12, the world’s first bass-enhanced mic. It followed that widely successful mic with the ubiquitous D112, the green-rimmed egg that was found on countless stages and in countless studios through the 90s. Today, AKG carries on the tradition with the D12 VR (with three voicings and phantom power-activated active electronics). All the major players have worthy “kick drum mics” today, with the V Kick from sE Electronics being a favorite amongst touring players, while other top performers include Sennheiser’s E902, Heil’s PR48 and Avantone Pro’s Pro Kick (actually a small speaker wired in reverse to be a large bass drum mic).

The Ever-Evolving Studio Microphone Locker

Now that you’ve got all your bases covered (including your basses), don’t be surprised if you find yourself craving the specialized abilities of a more exotic studio microphone. Shotgun mics for tightly focused vocals, vintage mics for throwback tones, body-worn mics for unique perspectives, stereo mics for their wide perspective and easy placement, contact mics for direct pickup…. The list, and the adventures, go on and on!

Further Reading: How to Pick a Studio Microphone for Podcasting

Can a Neumann TLM 103 or AKG C 451 EB Mic Record an Entire Band?

Rob Tavaglione owns and operates Charlotte, NC’s Catalyst Recording and has been a longtime studio contributor. www.twitter.com/robtavaglione

Original Resource is ProSoundNetwork.com

Revive Audio ART VLA Custom Modification – A Real-World Review

My interest in Revive Audio was renewed when I reviewed its MSL-Mk2 stereo VCA bus compressor last year and noticed the company’s palette of modifications for popular gear. Revive offers mods on no fewer than 72 different pieces of audio gear ranging from compressors and interfaces to mic pre’s and more—and the prices were surprisingly affordable. When I saw they offered a mod of the popular ART VLA compressor, which is surprisingly good-sounding for its low price (although I could tell that there was room for improvement), I knew I had to give it a try, particularly since it had a base price of only $350.

ART Pro VLA II
An unmodded ART Pro VLA II

I had experimented before with swapping out tubes in my unit, which are used as output stage drivers only, as the actual compression is via optical vactrol ELOP sensors. I had achieved slightly sweeter tone with various tubes, my favorites being some old Telefunkens I had salvaged, but the improvement was only moderate. Revive offers “standard” tube replacement (NOS vintage GE tubes), or premium Genalex Gold Lion tubes for an additional $40. I chose standard tubes for my custom mod.

The VLA is a transformerless model, and considering my usual fondness for transformers, I knew I just had to add them at $200 for either Carnhills or Cinemags. Both makes sound great in my experience, but there’s something about that Carnhill tone that really pushes my buttons for euphonic reasons that words can’t quite explain, so I chose them … even though Revive owner Jason Lambson advised me toward the Cinemags.

Lambson says the mods collectively “increase headroom, widen the frequency response, lower the noise floor and increase detail of the three-dimensional imaging, and increase the speed of attack and release time.” This is done by switching to Burr Brown op amps at both input and output stages, some Panasonic parts, a new vactrol sensor on each channel, increasing tube plate voltage and upgrading the aforementioned tubes and transformers.

Revive Audio ART VLA Custom Modification
My modded ART VLA was returned to me with a Revive Audio sticker on the front panel.

 

 

 

The mod only took about a week and my unit was returned to me with a Revive sticker on the front panel, indicating it was hot-rodded, and stickers on the removable side panels indicating that opening the unit would void the one-year warranty. Of course, I was very disappointed to see the latter stickers, as I wanted nothing more than to open the box up and peer at the changes, but my need for a warranty squelched my curiosity.

Review: Revive Audio Vintage Audio MSL-Mk2 Compressor, by Rob Tavaglione, April 22, 2019

The stock VLA is known for being especially useful on bass guitar, vocals, synthesizers and all manner of parallel compression (especially with subgroups), and I’ve been using my rejuvenated VLA on all those applications with excellent results. In many ways, it’s still the same sonic signature—warm, forgiving, rich in bottom end and tastefully congealing—but now it does all those things better. It’s warmer, deeper, richer and more euphonic, and all with that unmistakable Carnhill tone: abundant in low-mids, with a larger soundstage and a feeling of more substance and solidity. The unit also seems capable of being faster-acting, sweeter in the top end, and a little cleaner (less distortion) overall when working hard. The gain structure has changed, though, seeming to require higher thresholds, more eagerness to compress and overall hotter output levels. Higher ratios, which aren’t typically my thing, are more useful now with more musicality and less pumping.

Frankly, I never did favor my old VLA on mix buses (where I prefer cleaner, less apparent compression, via VCA-type compressors) and I’m afraid that hasn’t changed. It seems to make my mixes a little too warm, a little too weighty in the low-mids and a touch too soft. Maybe I should have gone with the Cinemags as Lambson suggested. But I’m not sweating it, as I have VCA comps for that and this modded VLA does unique and useful things when tracking, overdubbing and massaging subgroups that my VCAs can’t touch.

Review: ART Pro VLA II Two-Channel Vactrol-Based Compressor/Leveling Amplifier, by Rob Tavaglione, Oct. 21, 2011 

There are a number of companies offering intriguing mods to familiar gear these days, and users are recommending them for the most part. If you’re interested in upping your game with the familiarity of your favorite gear without the risk of trying something completely new and different, let me recommend Revive Audio. The turnaround time is excellent, the expertise is commendable, prices are quite competitive and the results are familiar, yet dramatically improved on your stock favorites.

Revive Audio • www.reviveaudio.com

Original Resource is ProSoundNetwork.com

Vibes Hi-Fidelity Earplugs – A Real-World Review

Vibes Hi-Fidelity Earplugs
Vibes Hi-Fidelity Earplugs TechRadar

I discovered the joy of earplugs more than 20 years ago and have been on the hunt for the ideal model ever since. I’ve gone from fairly expensive audiologist-fitted custom plugs with switchable filters in various attenuations (Etymotic Research), to more simplistic Flare Isolates (with a metal core that encourages clearer sound through bone induction) to my most recent acquisition, Vibes Hi-Fidelity Earplugs.

Having tried many models over many years, I have found that I need different styles and attenuations to best suit all applications, from mixing monitors on very loud stages, to mixing FOH (only after my mix is completely dialed in and I’m simply riding solos and cueing vocal FX), to mowing the lawn and leaf blowing, to enjoying concerts and attending my recording clients’ club shows. For the apps where fidelity is most crucial, I am sold on these Vibes.

Real-World Review: Loop Earplugs, by Russ Long, Nov. 26, 2019

Their design is so simple and pedestrian that their performance is surprising. The ear tips of soft plastic are provided in three different sizes; they slip over a small, hollow plastic tube with an angular cut on the tip. This tube slips into a hollow plastic tube that is close-ended and acts as the earplug’s handle. The inside tube is just small enough that a vent is created, allowing a little bit of air—and therefore sound pressure—to pass through.

Vibes Hi-Fidelity Earplugs
TechRadar

Apparently, the designers got that air gap’s dimensions just right, as the sound is attenuated a healthy 22 dB, nicely balanced, with much flatter frequency response and lacking the uncomfortable jumps in volume and frequency that many other earplugs provide. Speech intelligibility is better than typical, too, which is an important factor that matters for all but the yard work applications.

Vibes Hi-Fidelity Earplugs Review, by Lewis Leong, TechRadar, April 17, 2019

I find these plugs insert into my ear much more easily than other models—not requiring the squishing of the sleeves, just steady firm pressure—and they stay in once inserted, too. Cleaning is easy enough, and so far, after nine months of use, durability seems good, too.

I remember seeing these Vibes presented on the TV show Shark Tank a ways back and thinking, “This product is doomed to fail. There are plenty of good earplugs already out there and they can’t bring much to market other than a low price.” Well, I was clearly wrong and they are affordably priced at $19.99.

Original Resource is ProSoundNetwork.com

Austrian Audio OC818 Microphone – A Real-World Review

Austrian Audio OC818 Microphone
Austrian Audio OC818 Microphone

While plug-ins seem to gather most of the “revolutionary new product” excitement, a team of 20-plus ex-AKG engineers has formed Austrian Audio and put out the company’s new OC818 microphone, combining the best of the old with a healthy dose of some extraordinary new features.

While plug-ins seem to gather most of the “revolutionary new product” excitement, a team of 20-plus ex-AKG engineers has formed Austrian Audio and put out a new microphone that combines the best of the old with a healthy dose of some extraordinary new features.

Out of the Box

With a small, flat, rectangular body somewhat reminiscent of a C414, and a capsule (Austrian’s handmade CKR12) made with similar dimensions, not to mention properties similar to a CK12 capsule, comparisons to the AKG classic are certainly founded. The similarities continue with multiple polar patterns (cardioid, omnidirectional, figure 8, hypercardioid), two levels of defeatable padding/attenuation (-10 and -20 dB) and three levels of defeatable highpass filtering (40, 80 and 160 Hz). A major difference, however, is the ceramic capsule housing that contains the dual diaphragms. Ceramics are low in resonance, insensitive to temperature changes and quite stable, contributing to the consistent performance of the diaphragm. Such consistency is achieved that Austrian Audio boasts that all OC818s are close enough in performance to be a matched pair, and that in cardioid mode, any OC818 microphone is also a match for any other OC18 microphone (the OC818’s single-pattern little brother).

Beyond construction and materials, what really sets the 818 apart are its futuristic electronics, which include dual outputs, wireless remote control and post-production flexibility.

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Via a small LEMO connector on the rear of the mic (and a supplied short LEMO-to-XLR-M cable), each diaphragm of the 818 can be output separately, allowing astute engineers to combine the two signals and manipulate their polarity and gain for various polar patterns—or simply use the free PolarDesigner open source plug-in (VST, AAX, AU with Windows or Mac) to do the dirty work for you. Deep control is provided via one to five crossover bands with selectable crossover points, band solo/mute, full automation, EQ for dialed-in free or diffuse field response, proximity effect control, store/recall/share of presets and phase linear operation.

That same LEMO connector can conversely be connected to the optional OCR8 Bluetooth dongle, and with the mic’s polar pattern set in the “black circle” position, wireless control is achieved via the free PolarPilot application (Android or iOS). Real-time control is provided with the ability to create as many as 255 discrete polar patterns, save/recall/share settings, a 60-second overload/clipping monitor and logger, and storing of the last setting used within the 818, even without the PolarPilot app. This is all done with only microprocessor control of bias voltages. The actual signal path remains purely analog; there is no use of digital signal processing or conversion.

The kit is completed with an aluminum carrying case, a largely plastic (yet sturdy) shock mount, foam windscreen and standard mic stand mount.

In Session

Naturally, I started testing without any apps or wireless control, with cardioid usage on vocals, drum room, tambourine, cajón and acoustic guitar. Yes, I realize those are radically divergent sources, but I grouped them all together, as the 818 showed no difference in its response. About as neutral as a large-diaphragm condenser mic can be, the 818 always provided seemingly perfectly flat response, regardless of sound pressure level, placement or frequency content. Vocals (in cardioid with no pad and 40 Hz HPF) were completely un-hyped and natural, absent of excessive resonance, sibilance, mouth noises (i.e. clicks, pops), chestiness, high-mid frequency emphasis or excessive proximity effect. Drums (cardioid or omni, -10 dB pad or up full) showed only minimal cymbal preference (likely created by my room), an extended bottom end and very natural dynamics. Instruments, including tambo, lacked harshness, translated accurately and sounded just like being there. The 818 lacked the depth of a ribbon mounted low on my cajón and lacked the snap of a crispy condenser when mounted high, but with a neutrality that many engineers might just prefer for either position. Off-axis pickup was smoother than typical for an LDC.

At times, I found the OC818 microphone to be a little too neutral for vocal work, but the super-cardioid pattern brought a little more excitement and presence, as well as directional focus to my vox. The highpass filtering proved its mettle here too, with the second-order filters at 40 and 80 Hz being obviously useful, but the multi-order 160 Hz position (first order gently down to 80, a steep second order below) being nicely sloped and helpful for seriously thinning out backup vocal stacks.

Figure-eight patterns found the OC818 sounding more neutral and similar to its cardioid pattern than typical. For classic fig-eight apps like two-person harmony vocals, dual handclaps and drum room, you’ll find airy naturalism, balanced frequency response and nice null rejection.

PolarDesigner offers some seriously advanced uses for those who want deep control. I tracked some drum roomage using the supplied LEMO-to-XLR-M connector and sent both diaphragms to a stereo track. I then applied PolarDesigner and found a world of options. Changing the polar patterns was easy enough and quite useful, but having five bandwidths and allowing each to have its own directional property was more than I could find use for, considering my need and habit of working quickly. Basically, I found one full-frequency band of control sufficient. What I did find very useful was the proximity effect control; you can boost or cut it variably, and a little careful boost brought some very nice low-end girth and boom to my drum room. For those tracking either dialogue or Foley for film production, this app’s advanced control could be extremely useful, even if it may be a bit much for standard music production or those with shorter attention spans.

If you don’t need to track both diaphragms, then you can insert the OCR8 Bluetooth dongle into that same LEMO connector and enjoy some remote control via PolarPilot. Being able to change patterns, filters and pads remotely while seated right in the monitoring sweet spot obviously has its attractions, but I found myself at a distance of 35 feet plus, just barely outside the operating range of the current Bluetooth standard. (The newly announced standard will increase that range.) Unfortunately, my iPhone 8 Plus couldn’t manage to stay connected with the app even at close distances, with skittish performance and dropouts. What I did manage to do was quite useful, though; I set the 818 for a wide cardioid pattern, with no pad and the 80 Hz HPF, and enjoyed my very favorite setting for vocal work. With this setting stored in the 818, I could recall it when needed, even without the app. I hope that Austrian Audio can work the bugs out of the OCR8 dongle, as the app’s functionality could be a major benefit.

The Final Mix

Considering the incredible versatility of the OC818 microphone, the quality kit, the post-production flexibility and PolarPilot’s utility (even if hampered by quirks and distance), the 818 is an easy recommendation at a very reasonable $999. Easy stereo-pairing with other 818s and the OCR18 is another big plus that makes these mics a great choice for live show “tapers,” recording ambiences and classical recordists. It seems to me that Austrian Audio is off to a great start and are moving their legacy forward in worthwhile new directions.

Original Resource is ProSoundNetwork.com